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Psychoneuroallergology

The Psychoneuroallergology (PNA) is emphasized as an area of interference between allergology, psychoneurophysiology and clinical psychology. It can be considered either as a particular field of Allergology (that had not claimed it up to the present), or as a sub-branch of Psychosomatics (that has been preoccupied with this field, albeit in a non-systematic form).

Its two major objectives are: (1) the study of psychological factor's involvement in the evolution of allergic process, including non-specific triggering of clinical manifestations, and (2) the somato-psychic impact of allergic patient's symptoms on his quality of life, or generating psycho-behavioral problems or symptoms.

The attitude of the medical team, based on the knowledge of these two objectives, is involved in other fields of psychoneuroallergology : the improvement of allergic patient's therapeutical adherence (dominated by psychological factors) and the psychosomatic approach of the allergic patients.

One can classify this PNA field in two sub-fields:

  1. General Psychoneuroallergology - an approach to the general problems of Psychosomatics (including psychic stress) and of Psychoneuroallergology , and
  2. Special Psychoneuroallergology, including some allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria and angioedema, drug allergy, and the various neurological and psychiatric syndromes, generated by an allergic ethiopathogeny.
Ioan-Bradu Iamandescu, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Head of the Chair of Medical Psychology at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davilla" from Bucharest, Senior Allergologist and Specialist in Internal Medicine, is the founder of this field, and the author of the homonymous book "Psychoneuroallergology", released in Zürich in 1998 and donated to the National Academies of Medicine from over 40 countries.

 

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